17-18th Century

Philip Melanchthon

Description The humanist and reformer is shown in a portrait that barely depicts his face and upper parts of his body. He is given in a three-quarter profile, looking to the left. This portrait ref...

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Disputation Between Calvin and Luther About the Consumption of Meat and Fish

Description Calvin, who can be clearly identified through his beard and traditional clothing, and a friar (Martin Luther) are sitting on a turtle and a snail respectively, while pointing lances at ...

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Wooden Wine Decanter and Communion Cups

Description The reformed church in the area of the Canton of Bern kept only two sacraments: baptism and communion. The re-utilization of baptismal fonts and chalices were handled differently in ref...

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Trunk With a Fragment of a Late Medieval Altar Picture

Desription The trunk with the painted front raises a couple of questions hard to answer. It came to the museum in 1899 from a private owner in Steffisburg; the former use of it is unknown. It rests...

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The Preacher

Desription The painter, mercenary and supporter of the Reformation, Niklaus Manuel (around 1484-1530), painted a dance of death with life-sized figures on the churchyard wall of Bern’s Domini...

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Donation Can of the “Fremdlingen Armen” Deaconry

Description The deaconry of the ”Fremdlingen Armen” was founded by the East Frisian countess Anna in 1553, in preparation for the arrival of parts of the London “Fremdenkirche&rdq...

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Altar Cloth from the Church of Zarnekow, Mecklenburg-West Pomerania

Description The altar cloth of Zarnekow is made of dark green velvet and is an example of “reformed recycling”. With the introduction of the Reformation there was no need for the tradi...

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Great Esther chest

Description The extensive and lavish carved chest by Hans Gudewerth the Elder from Eckernförder, the framed images of which tell the story of Esther in detail, is just one of many chests in th...

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Head Piece of a Bed from the Luther Room at Veste Coburg

Description The first visitor to the Veste Coburg came to visit “Dr. Luthers rooms” a few years after Martin Luther’s death. The bed in his room is mentioned in the inventory of t...

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The Candle is Lighted

Description Luther and Calvin are seated at table surrounded by other reformers like Wyclif (A), Hus (B), Zwingli (D), Melanchton (I) and Bullinger (N). A cardinal, Jesuit, devil, pope and monk in...

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Peace Urging the Churches to be Tolerant

Description Luther (with a lute), Calvin (with a ‘fine calf’) and the Pope (with a cat, from ‘cat licks’) appear to be sitting at table together like brothers. An Anabaptist...

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The Elector Frederick’s Dream

Description Luther is shown writing his 95 theses on a church door with a long quill which is supported by Philippus Melanchton. The quill Luther uses, is long enough to knock off the tiara of pope...

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Monk and Nun Making Love, Pope Peeping

Description Sitting in a tent, in a large hatching basket, a monk and a nun are making love by the light of a candle. The Pope is surreptitiously watching them. A ‘brood’ of newly hatch...

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Retreat from Meaux: Fourth Scene

Description The Retreat from Meaux, also known as the Surprise of Meaux, refers to an attempt by the Huguenot forces, under the prince of Condé, Admiral Coligny and François Andelot, ...

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Retreat from Meaux: Third Scene

Description The Retreat from Meaux, also known as the Surprise of Meaux, refers to an attempt by the Huguenot forces, under the prince of Condé, Admiral Coligny and François Andelot, ...

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Retreat from Meaux: Second Scene

Description The Retreat from Meaux, also known as the Surprise of Meaux, refers to an attempt by the Huguenot forces, under the prince of Condé, Admiral Coligny and François Andelot, ...

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Retreat from Meaux: First Scene

Description The Retreat from Meaux, also known as the Surprise of Meaux, refers to an attempt by the Huguenot forces, under the prince of Condé, Admiral Coligny and François Andelot, ...

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King David’s Psalms

Description The Psalter of the Reformed churches, comprising the 150 psalms translated into verse by Théodore de Bèze and Clément Marot, attained its definite form in 1562. The...

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Jean Calvin [P59]

Description Calvin is presented as a head-and-shoulders portrait, dressed in a robe with fur-trimming. His head is covered with a tight-fitting cap. The clothes of the reformer are richly decorated...

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Jean Calvin [P62]

Description The reformer is presented in a half-length portrait, looking to the left in three-quarter profile. He wears the fur-trimmed coat of a scholar and a beret. He holds an open book in his h...

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Dismountable Communion Ware

Description During the 18th century, French pastors carried out their ministry in extremely difficult conditions. The revocation of the Edict of Nantes, decreed in October 1685 by Louis XIV, abolis...

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L’abrégé du faux clergé romain

Description This etching is the frontispiece of an anonymous pamphlet (Renversement de la morale chrétienne par les desordres du Monachisme…) denouncing the corrupt morals of monks an...

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Medal of John Knox

Description This medal by the Swiss artist Jean Dassier is one of a series of twenty-four portraying individuals who, in the words of the artist, had ‘laboured for the revival and restoration...

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Luther entering Hell and Calvin entering Hell

Description On these two paintings Luther and Calvin are being led to the gates of hell by a multitude of little demons, insects and imaginary animals. Seated on moving carcasses, the two reformers...

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Huldrych Zwingli [P332]

Description The Swiss reformer is depicted in a head-and-shoulders portrait, in a three-quarter profile, looking to the right. The portrait, though not of very high artistic quality, refers to an o...

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