Prints

The Situation of the Church in England

Description The situation of the English protestants deteriorated rapidly after the accession of Mary Tudor in 1553. „Bloody Mary“ repealed the antipapal laws of her predecessors, appoi...

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Andreas Bodenstein, called Karlstadt

Description The print commemorative of Karlstadt’s death depicts the reformer in a half-length portrait, looking to the right. He is shown bareheaded wearing a robe with an open band collar. ...

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The Pope as Antichrist

Desription The woodcut, which was coloured only later, shows Pope Alexander VI (Rodrigo Borgia, 1431–1503, pope from 1492). With the flap closed he is shown wearing the full papal regalia wit...

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Catholic Self-Criticism – Apocalyptic Scene

Description In 1519, two years after Martin Luther posted his theses, Bishop Berthold Pürstinger of Chiemsee (1465–1543) revealed the abuses of the institution that he represented himsel...

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Hypocritical Monk as Wolf

Description The satirical woodcut with two flaps shows a monk in Benedictine habit. He wears a bag book on his left arm and points with his index finger to the open book in his right hand with the ...

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Clergymen as Wolves

Description Evangelical art often used the biblical image of the shepherd (Jesus Christ) and his sheep (believers). Analogically to the verbal criticism of the clergy, who, out of self-interest, tu...

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Portraits of Anabaptists

Description After their persecution in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Anabaptists enjoyed relative tolerance in some areas of Switzerland. This was the case in reformed areas with cat...

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Baptism Certificate

Description Special weigh was attached to infant baptism in the Canton of Bern for protection against the Anabaptists. No member of the state was supposed to evade this sacred act. It integrated th...

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Retreat from Meaux: Fourth Scene

Description The Retreat from Meaux, also known as the Surprise of Meaux, refers to an attempt by the Huguenot forces, under the prince of Condé, Admiral Coligny and François Andelot, ...

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Retreat from Meaux: Third Scene

Description The Retreat from Meaux, also known as the Surprise of Meaux, refers to an attempt by the Huguenot forces, under the prince of Condé, Admiral Coligny and François Andelot, ...

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Retreat from Meaux: Second Scene

Description The Retreat from Meaux, also known as the Surprise of Meaux, refers to an attempt by the Huguenot forces, under the prince of Condé, Admiral Coligny and François Andelot, ...

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Retreat from Meaux: First Scene

Description The Retreat from Meaux, also known as the Surprise of Meaux, refers to an attempt by the Huguenot forces, under the prince of Condé, Admiral Coligny and François Andelot, ...

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Monkeys Attacking the Symbols of the Catholic Church

Description The protagonists of this unusual satirical scene are a group of monkeys attacking symbols of the Catholic religion, including a crucifix and a chalice. The monkey in the pulpit evokes a...

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Hebrew Dictionary

Description In his Hebrew dictionary, Forster, a Lutheran, claimed on the basis of his interpretation of the Hebrew word `Asah that the Eucharist merely commemorates the sacrifice of Christ but doe...

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Jean Calvin [P59]

Description Calvin is presented as a head-and-shoulders portrait, dressed in a robe with fur-trimming. His head is covered with a tight-fitting cap. The clothes of the reformer are richly decorated...

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Jean Calvin [P62]

Description The reformer is presented in a half-length portrait, looking to the left in three-quarter profile. He wears the fur-trimmed coat of a scholar and a beret. He holds an open book in his h...

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Portrait of Ulrich Zwingli

Description This portrait of Ulrich Zwingli in profile, probably by Rudolf Wyssenbach, was modelled after Hans Asper’s well-known depiction of 1531/1532. Rudolf Wyssenbach’s early works...

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The True Insurgents

Description The gospel had been a topic for discussion in Zürich since 1522, not only for theologians, but for people of all social classes and the beginning of the reformation may be seen as ...

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L’abrégé du faux clergé romain

Description This etching is the frontispiece of an anonymous pamphlet (Renversement de la morale chrétienne par les desordres du Monachisme…) denouncing the corrupt morals of monks an...

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Philipp Melanchthon

Description The humanist and reformer is shown in a portrait that barely depicts his face and upper parts of his body. He is given in a three-quarter profile, looking to the left. This portrait ref...

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Johannes Bugenhagen

Description The Wittenberg reformer is shown in a head-and-shoulders portrait, looking to the right. He is depicted bareheaded, over his shirt and doublet he wears a fur-trimmed coat, in his hands ...

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Huldrych Zwingli [P332]

Description The Swiss reformer is depicted in a head-and-shoulders portrait, in a three-quarter profile, looking to the right. The portrait, though not of very high artistic quality, refers to an o...

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