Books

A Handwritten Trace of the Hebrew Teacher of Zwingli

Description In February 1516, Erasmus’ edition of the New Testament, entitled Novum Instrumentum, appeared form the printer Froben. It is in a double column typeset, Greek-Latin parallel edit...

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Catholic Self-Criticism – Apocalyptic Scene

Description In 1519, two years after Martin Luther posted his theses, Bishop Berthold Pürstinger of Chiemsee (1465–1543) revealed the abuses of the institution that he represented himsel...

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Clergymen as Wolves

Description Evangelical art often used the biblical image of the shepherd (Jesus Christ) and his sheep (believers). Analogically to the verbal criticism of the clergy, who, out of self-interest, tu...

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Ex-dono of Christoph von Carlowitz to Philipp Melanchthon

Description A humanist and moderate Protestant, Christoph von Carlowitz (Karlewitz, Carlebitzius, 1507–1574), was an ardent advocate of religious reconciliation. A student of Mosellanus, who ...

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King David’s Psalms

Description The Psalter of the Reformed churches, comprising the 150 psalms translated into verse by Théodore de Bèze and Clément Marot, attained its definite form in 1562. The...

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Monkeys Attacking the Symbols of the Catholic Church

Description The protagonists of this unusual satirical scene are a group of monkeys attacking symbols of the Catholic religion, including a crucifix and a chalice. The monkey in the pulpit evokes a...

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New Canticle Containing the Discourse of the Lyon War and of the Assistance God has Granted his Church…

Description In April 1562, during the early months of the first war of religion in France, the Protestants of Lyon took control of their city, the country’s second largest. It remained under ...

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De Tristibus Galliae

Description Transcribed onto paper and illustrated with drawings, De tristibus galliae, a Latin poem in 2722 verses, recounts the turmoil of the French Wars of Religion. The Huguenots are pict...

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Hebrew Dictionary

Description In his Hebrew dictionary, Forster, a Lutheran, claimed on the basis of his interpretation of the Hebrew word `Asah that the Eucharist merely commemorates the sacrifice of Christ but doe...

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The True Insurgents

Description The gospel had been a topic for discussion in Zürich since 1522, not only for theologians, but for people of all social classes and the beginning of the reformation may be seen as ...

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English Bible Printed in Zurich

Description Six English prints were published in Zürich during the reign of Edward VI. Among these was an entire Bible, printed in 1550 by Christoph Froschauer. It is not in fact the Matthew B...

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